Marriage Counseling or Couples Counseling - Term Definitions

Abandonment Issues

Counseling focused on addressing relationship issues related to abandonment, reducing and relieving symptoms, while addressing their root causes:

Abandonment comes in many forms, but leaves similar scars. The negative impact that this type of trauma can have on someone cannot be understated. The feelings of apprehension and anxiety that are associated with this form of loss can pervade every relationship that follows in that person's life, whether intimate, social, or business. Fear of abandonment can cause significant impairment and result in a diminished quality of life. But with appropriate treatment, even individuals who struggle with overwhelming abandonment issues can learn to manage them in a healthy and productive way.

Academic Coaching

Counseling focused on addressing academic issues

Just like a coach in any sport, an academic coach’s goal is to help students perform to the best of their abilities. During individual appointments help students:

  • Structure their time, plan their semester and establish a routine
  • Juggle demanding college courses and co-curricular activities
  • Organize assignments and manage multi-step projects
  • Improve listening and reading comprehension
  • Understand effective test-taking and learning strategies
  • Regulate and self-monitor their own learning
  • Maximize their use of campus resources
Aculturation stress

Counseling focused on addressing relationship issues related adapting to a new culture, reducing and relieving symptoms, while addressing their root causes:

Aculturation stress is the psychological impact of adaptation to a new culture.

ADHD Counseling & Coaching

ADHD coaching is an ongoing collaborative partnership between a person with ADHD traits, including persons impacted by ADHD, and a professional coach who brings current ADHD knowledge, best practices, understanding, and ADHD-friendly skills and tools to facilitate positive personal and professional change for the client.

Adoption Issues

Counseling focused on addressing adoption related issues and their impact on your family and relationships, reducing and alleviating symptoms, while addressing the root causes:

Families with adopted children face different challenges than those with just biological children. Even adopted children who feel positive about their adoption experience, can face a variety of emotions as they become teenagers. Typical rites of passage may have additional facets for adopted adolescents. They may question their identity and value, suffer from low self-esteem, and experience grief and loss. While some adopted teens are able to work through their feelings on their own or with their friends and family, others need professional counseling to deal with the range of emotions that arise.

Adult Children of Alcoholics Issues

Counseling focused on addressing issues related to being an adult child of an alcoholic and its impact on your relationship, reducing and alleviating symptoms, while addressing their root causes:

The alcoholic family is a family that is riddled with chaos, inconsistency, unclear roles, and irrational thinking. Arguments and sometimes violence permeate all aspects of daily living, in some cases incest may play a role. Children in alcoholic families may suffer trauma as acute as soldiers in combat; they can carry this trauma well into their adult lives.

Alcohol Issues

Counseling focused on addressing relationship issues related to alcohol use / abuse, reducing symptoms, while addressing the root causes of the alcohol use / abuse:

Alcohol use / abuse can cause problems at work, home, school, and in relationships, leaving you feeling isolated, helpless, or ashamed. It's not always easy to see when your drinking has crossed the line from moderate or social use to problem drinking. But if you consume alcohol to cope with difficulties or to avoid feeling bad, you're in potentially dangerous territory. Alcoholism and alcohol abuse can sneak up on you, so it's important to be aware of the warning signs and take steps if you recognize them. Understanding the problem is the first step to overcoming it.

Anger Management Issues

Counseling focused on Healthy vs Unhealthy expressions of anger, addressing root causes, and how to express anger in nondestructive ways:

Anger is a completely normal, usually healthy, human emotion. But when it gets out of control and turns destructive, it can lead to problems--problems at work, in your personal relationships, and in the overall quality of your life. And it can make you feel as though you're at the mercy of an unpredictable and powerful emotion.

Anxiety Issues

Counseling focused on addressing issues related to anxiety, reducing symptoms, while addressing the root causes of the anxiety:

Anxiety is defined as a persistent or chronic, unsubstantiated concern that causes significant distress, resulting in disturbances in your social life, or interferes with your course work, or professional life. Individuals with anxiety disorders may avoid common social situations for fear of being judged, embarrassed, or humiliated. Panic attacks or persistent worry and anticipation of panic attacks are common symptoms, as are feelings of terror or impending doom. Other symptoms may include an apparent irrational fear or avoidance of an object, place, or situation.

Asperger's / Autism Issues

Counseling focused on addressing issues related to Asperger's syndrome, reducing and mitigating symptoms, and developing functional stratagies:

Asperger's syndrome is an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) considered to be on the "high functioning" end of the spectrum. Affected children and adults have difficulty with social interactions and exhibit a restricted range of interests and/or repetitive behaviors. Motor development may be delayed, leading to clumsiness or uncoordinated motor movements. Compared with those affected by other forms of ASD, however, those with Asperger syndrome do not have significant delays or difficulties in language or cognitive development. Some even demonstrate precocious vocabulary - often in a highly specialized field of interest.

Attachment Issues

Counseling focused on addressing issues related to attachment, reducing and mitigating symptoms, and developing functional strategies to address these issues:

Attachment issues stem from infants who experience some kind of disruption in the bond with their primary caretaker and as a result are unable to form a secure, loving, attached relationship. Such children typically become anxious, depressed or apathetic and fail to follow normal patterns of physical, emotional, social and intellectual development. As adults, people with attachment issues have great difficulty in interpersonal relationships. Some need almost constant contact and reassurance, others primarily need to be left alone and can't tolerate much intimacy and still others go back and forth between the two extremes.

Bisexual Issues

Counseling focused on addressing issues related to bi-sexuality, reducing and relieving symptoms, while addressing the root causes of those symptoms:

Bisexual men & women might be at higher risk of depression and anxiety. In addition, youth who identify themselves bisexual might have a higher risk of depression and attempted suicide. Contributing factors could include social alienation, discrimination, rejection by loved ones, abuse and violence. The problem might be more severe for bisexual men & women who try to hide their sexual orientation and those who lack social support.

Body Image Issues

Counseling focused on addressing relationship issues related to body image, reducing and relieving symptoms, while addressing their root causes of these body image issues:

Body image issues are a common problem. In a society that promotes unrealistic body ideals, it is challenging to not get caught up in comparing oneself to these unrealistic standards. As a result, many individuals may experience depression, anxiety, anger and even self-loathing. In addition to affecting an individual's view of self, poor body image may also result in avoidance of social situations and may interfere with developing healthy social and romantic relationships.

Care Giver Support Issues

Counseling focused on healthy methods of selfcare, while addressing the stresses of caring for your family, and developing functional strategies for providing care:

As a family caregiver, you may find yourself facing a host of new responsibilities, many of which are unfamiliar or intimidating. At times, you may feel overwhelmed and alone. But despite its challenges, caregiving can also be rewarding. And there are a lot of things you can do to make the caregiving process easier for both you and your loved one.

Career Issues

Counseling focused on career related issues, root causes, developing new personal understandings, and strategies for pursuing a fulfilling and challenging career:

Concerns around career can often be a major focus of counseling. For many individuals, confusion over which career path to choose can occur at many stages of life – not just in traditional times during high school and college. Dissatisfaction with a current career can be an indication that a re-evaluation of your current career path is in order. Career goals – just like people – change over time.

Caring for Aging Parents Issues

Counseling focused on healthy methods of self & relationship care, addressing the stresses of caring for an aging parent, communication, and developing mutually agreeable and functional strategies for providing care:

Caregivers face many difficult issues when dealing with an aging parent that can cause stress, anger, guilt, sadness and resentment. Caring for your aging parents involves understanding and making decisions about services and options that most of us know little about. Currently as many as one in four adults is primarily responsible for caring for their elderly parent and the number is expected to increase in the future.

Childhood Issues

Counseling focused on addressing and alleviating the effects of your individual upbringing:

Whether you come from an abusive family or a just a “normal” dysfunctional family, childhood issues can create problems in all areas of your life if you are not careful. Sometimes when we come from an abusive or dysfunctional home, we have issues in friendships as well as more intimate relationships. If you have trouble making and maintaining friends and relationships, it may signal a deeper issue.

Childhood Sexual Abuse Issues

Counseling focused on addressing and diminishing symptoms related to childhood sexual abuse, while addressing any issues with healthy intimacy in your relationship:

Sexual abuse is usually committed by someone known to, and often trusted by the child. This often results in a great sense of confusion, betrayal, and, often, guilt. Guilty feelings frequently arise if the victim, experienced any pleasurable feelings, or having trusted the abuser, now feels that their abuser will "get in trouble". Abusers often lie to, and reward their victims, and sometimes threaten the loved ones of their victims in order to keep the secret, which adds another layer to the emotional trauma.

Chronic Fatigue

Counseling focused on addressing issues related to chronic fatigue, reducing and relieving those symptoms, while addressing their root causes:

Chronic fatigue syndrome refers to severe, continued tiredness that is not relieved by rest and is not directly caused by other medical conditions.

Chronic Pain or Illness Issues

Counseling focused on addressing relationship issues related to chronic pain, reducing and relieving those symptoms, while addressing their root causes:

Chronic pain is a complex problem that needs to be understood in a multi-dimensional way for effective management. Management should be holistic, rigorous in the application of conventional therapies (including analgesics and physical therapy) and ready to admit an improved understanding of psychological and social techniques.

Co-Parenting Issues

Counseling focused on addressing issues related to co-parenting, reducing and soothing symptoms, while developing functional co-parenting strategies:

Research shows that children tend to adjust to divorce with less difficulty when they are able to maintain the family relationships that are important to them, and when their parents are able to cooperate with each other. Ongoing conflict and interruptions in parenting are typically the issues that create more distress for children than the divorce itself.

Codependency Issues

Counseling focused on addressing and easing the effects of codependent relationships, and their impact on your life and relationships:

Codependent relationships are not only painful, but are sometimes destructive. Codependents have problems receiving the good stuff that relationships should offer. Codependents spend their precious lives worrying about things and people over which they have no control.

Creative Block Issues

A creative block is the inability to access the flowing stream of inspiration and creativity. What was once an overflowing well of ideas may now feel like an endless drought. It can last for days, months, or even years at a time. Creative Block may affect many individuals, but those most affected are in creative professions, such as writers, musicians, artists and performers. It can surface when an artists embarks on a new series of paintings, or when a writer is in the midst of a novel.

Cultural Identity Issues

Counseling focused on addressing issues related to cultural identity, reducing and relieving symptoms, while addressing their root causes:

Cultural identity is the feeling of being included in a group or culture. Culture is defined by attitudes and beliefs and what a person from each culture believes is normal for that group.

Death and Dying Issues

Death and dying issues - Issues related to death and dying can be stressful for the whole family, including but not limited to the person who is dying, but also their immediate and extended family as well as their care-givers. A trained professional can help everyone deal with moods, mental well being, and emotional pain. They can also assist with depression, and anxiety. Additionally, a professional can provide end-of-life counseling to the individual who is passing and their families; and advocate for the best medical care.

Depression & Anxiety Issues

Counseling focused on addressing and alleviating the effects of depression and anxiety, and their impact on your relationship:

Most people people feel anxious or depressed at times, some experience these feelings daily or nearly daily for no apparent reason, making it difficult to carry on with normal, everyday functioning. These people may have an anxiety disorder, depression, or both. It is not uncommon for someone with an anxiety disorder to also suffer from depression or vice versa. Nearly one-half of those diagnosed with depression are also diagnosed with an anxiety disorder. The good news is that these disorders are both treatable, separately and together.

Depression Issues

Counseling focused on addressing issues related to depression, reducing symptoms, while addressing the root causes of the depression:

Depression is a medical illness that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest. Depression can cause physical symptoms, too. Also called major depression, major depressive disorder and clinical depression, it affects how you feel, think and behave. Depression can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems. You may have trouble doing normal day-to-day activities, and depression may make you feel as if life isn't worth living.

Dissociative Issues

Counseling focused on addressing issues related to dissociation, reducing symptoms, while addressing the root causes of the dissociations:

Dissociative disorders are a group of disorders characterized by a strange feeling of being detached from reality. By definition, the word “dissociate” refers to a mental state in which a person blocks out memories, fails to recognize surroundings, or even fails to recognize his or her own identity. Most people experience mild dissociation on a regular basis, like when they daydream. However, what makes this common experience different from a dissociative disorder is the severity and length of the dissociation. When a person experiences some form of dissociative disorder, the experience is very disturbing and beyond the person’s control.

Divorce Issues

Counseling focused on addressing and easing the effects of a divorce:

Divorce is a difficult time for all involved . Therapy assists families with working through the difficult process, that includes getting through the painful emotions, considering the best interests of children and developing good co-parenting relations.

Divorce Recovery Issues

Counseling focused on addressing and alleviating the after effects of a divorce:

The divorce recovery process involves a grieving process for most people, because it is a loss. Many people find it difficult to allow themselves the feelings connected to the grief process because they are painful, and pain is uncomfortable. After a divorce it is extremely important to give yourself "time out" to process the issues that contributed to the divorce in order to avoid making the same mistakes. Rebound relationships that don't work often create more pain and heartache leading to further feelings of failure and discouragement.

Domestic Violence Issues

Counseling focused on addressing and alleviating the root causes of domestic violence, and its impact on your relationship(s):

Domestic violence is a pattern of behaviors where one partner tries to maintain control of the other through the use of physical force, intimidation and threats.

Eating Disorder Issues

Counseling focused on addressing issues related to eating disorders, reducing and soothing symptoms, while addressing the root causes:

Because in our society we continue to value thinness, almost everyone worries about their weight at least from time to time. However, individuals with eating disorders take these worries and concerns to extremes, and develop abnormal eating habits that threaten their well-being and in many cases, even their lives. These are serious issues that trained professionals can assist you with.

Emigration & Immigration issues

Counseling focused on addressing issues related to immigration and emigration, reducing and easing symptoms, while addressing their root causes:

Immigration and emigration take place because of the same reasons including emotional, relationships, economic, political, religious and social persecutions. As immigration is a very sensitive issue, most of the countries have very strict immigration laws.

Emotional Affair Issues

Counseling focused on addressing issues related to emotional affairs, reducing and soothing symptoms, while addressing the root causes of the emotional affair:

Emotional relationships venture into dangerous territory. They may not initially lead to physical involvement, but they can still devastate marriages. It might have started with a conversation over the Internet, or with a seemingly innocent friendship in the workplace. These romances may seem harmless — perhaps even "safe" alternatives to cheating on your spouse. The truth is, such relationships venture into dangerous territory. They may not initially lead to physical involvement, but they can still devastate marriages.

Fertility Issues

Counseling focused on addressing the physical, relational and emotional issues related to fertility, reducing and relieving symptoms, while addressing their root causes:

Fertility issues can have a wide ranging effect on your relationship. Marriage counseling that is focused on addressing the physical, relational and emotional issues related to fertility can be a significant assist when dealing with these issues.

Fibromyalgia Issues

Counseling focused on Healthy vs Unhealthy methods for dealing with fibromyalgia, addressing stress, communication, and developing mutually agreeable strategies for dealing with it:

Fibromyalgia is very hard on the afflicted, including their spouses and family. The pain and it's ramifications are very real, and it effects almost every aspect their lives. There appears to be a strong link between fibromyalgia and feelings of depression and fatigue, which can be debilitating for those diagnosed and their marriages. The mental strain felt by spouses and family members can negatively affect everyones quality of life.

Gambling Addiction Issues

Counseling focused on addressing compulsive gambling or an obsession with gambling, reducing and alleviating symptoms, while addressing their root causes:

Whether you bet on sports, scratch cards, roulette, poker, or slots—in a casino or online—problem gambling can strain relationships, interfere with work, and lead to financial catastrophe. You may even do things you never thought you would, like stealing money to gamble or pay your debts. You may think you can’t stop but, with the right help, you can overcome a gambling problem or addiction and regain control of your life. The first step is recognizing and acknowledging the problem.

Gay Issues

Counseling focused on addressing issues related to gay, reducing and relieving symptoms, while addressing the root causes of those symptoms:

Gay men are frequently at higher risk for depression and anxiety issues. Youth who identify themselves as gay often are at a higher risk for depression and suicide attempts. Factors contributing to this may include discrimination, social alienation, and rejection by loved ones. Gay men who try to hide their sexual orientation, including those who lack social support, often have more difficulty.

Gender Identity issues

Counseling focused on addressing gender identity related issues, reducing and mitigating symptoms, while addressing the root causes of those symptoms:

Gender -- being male or female -- is a basic element that helps make up an individual's personality and sense of self. Gender identity disorder is a condition in which a male or female feels a strong identification with the opposite sex. A person with this disorder often experiences great discomfort regarding his or her actual anatomic gender. People with gender identity disorder may act and present themselves as members of the opposite sex and may express a desire to alter their bodies. The disorder affects an individual's self-image, and can impact the person's mannerisms, behavior, and dress.

Grief & Loss Issues

Counseling focused on addressing and allaying the effects of grief and loss, and its impact on your relationship:

Grief is your emotional reaction to a significant loss. The words sorrow and heartache are often used to describe feelings of grief. Whether you lose a beloved person, animal, place, or object, or a valued way of life (such as your job, marriage, or good health), some level of grief will naturally follow.

Identity Issues

Counseling focused on addressing and relieving the root causes in the struggle to maintain a healthy identity:

Developing a sense of self or an identity is an essential part of every individual becoming mature. Identity or parts of identity may be classified by any number of things such as religion, race, sexual preference, gender and/or ethnicity. Some traits are set at birth such as race and sex. Some traits can be modified later, such as language(s) spoken, religious preference and sexual preference. Struggling with various parts of identity is natural and normal. Developing an identity or sense of self and those traits a person desires to have takes time and is a difficult process. Not having a strong sense of self or struggling with identity issues may lead to depression, anxiety, and other psychological health problems in addition to even physical health problems.

Impulse Control Issues

Counseling focused on addressing and relieving the root causes in the struggle to maintain control over your impulses:

Most of us take our ability to think before we act for granted. But this isn’t easy for people who have problems controlling their impulses. People with an impulse control issues can’t resist the urge to do something harmful to themselves or others. Usually, a person feels increasing tension or arousal before committing the act that characterizes the problem. During the act, the person probably will feel pleasure, gratification or relief. Afterward, the person may blame himself or feel regret or guilt.

Infidelity / Affair Recovery Issues

Counseling focused on addressing issues related to infidelity, reducing and soothing symptoms, while addressing the root causes of infidelity:

Infidelity in a committed relationship can create a significant strain on both partners and on the relationship itself. An affair often signals the end of a relationship, but not always. With competent professional assistance and a commitment from both partners, sometimes it can be a significant turning point for the better. Often an affair may take the other partner completely by surprise, leaving that person feeling devastated, aggrieved, betrayed, jealous, confused, and alone. Some individuals and couples seek therapy at such a time to help recover and move on.

Internet Addiction Issues

Counseling focused on addressing compulsive Internet use or an obsession with using the Internet, reducing and mitigating symptoms, while addressing their root causes:

While time spent online can be hugely productive, compulsive Internet use can interfere with daily life, work, and relationships. When you feel more comfortable with your online friends than your real ones, or you can’t stop yourself from playing games, gambling, or compulsively surfing—even when it has negative consequences in your life—then you may be using the Internet too much.

Intimacy Issues

Counseling focused on addressing and soothing issues related to intimacy, and their impact on your relationship, while addressing the root causes of these issues:

An intimate relationship is an interpersonal relationship that involves emotional and or physical intimacy. Intimate relationships require and can have issues with communication, transparency, vulnerability and mutual trust.

Lesbian Issues

Counseling focused on addressing issues related to being lesbian, reducing and relieving symptoms, while addressing the root causes of those symptoms:

Lesbian women might be at higher risk of depression and anxiety. In addition, youth who identify themselves as lesbian, might have a higher risk of depression and attempted suicide. Contributing factors could include social alienation, discrimination, rejection by loved ones, abuse and violence. The problem might be more severe for lesbians who try to hide their sexual orientation and those who lack social support.

Life Transitions Issues

Counseling focused on addressing and attenuating the effects of life transitions, and their impact on your relationship:

In the simplest terms, transition is change. In a broader sense however, transitions are life's way of asking us to reexamine our present way of being. These transitions can be predictable such as a child leaving for college or marriage, or they can be unpredictable, such as the sudden death of a loved one or a traumatic accident. Whatever the degree or intensity of the event, every transition we experience has one thing in common. It forces us to make changes to our existing life. And with change, comes resistance. A major life transition literally closes one chapter of our life, and starts a new one, putting us in a new place and direction that we have not walked before. It is often a very difficult adjustment as we endure intense feelings of fear, doubt, and uncertainty.

Medical & Health Issues

Counseling focused on addressing health issues and it's impact on your health, reducing and alleviating symptoms, while addressing their root causes:

Disease and illness inevitably will affect every person in some way, whether it be directly (self) or indirectly (friend or family member). The onset and existence of medical health issues and illnesses may lead persons to feel sad, anxious, depressed and/or angry. Whether a medical condition or health issue is expected or unexpected, its effects may be negative and create feelings of helplessness and hopelessness.

Men's Issues

Counseling focused on issues relating to masculinity:

Men's issues encompasses wide a range topics such as the exploration of masculinity and what it means to be a male in a society where sexual and other forms of interpersonal violence are prevalent., such as rape, custody battles and sexual harassment from women and other men.

Midlife Crisis Issues

Counseling focused on addressing issues related to a midlife crisis, reducing and attenuating symptoms, while addressing the root causes of the crisis:

A midlife crisis is experienced by many people during the midlife transition when they realize that life may be more than halfway over. Sometimes, a crisis can be triggered by transitions experienced in these years, such as andropause or menopause, the death of parents or other causes of grief, unemployment or underemployment, realizing that a job or career is hated but not knowing how else to earn an equivalent living, or children leaving home. People may reassess their achievements in terms of their dreams. The result may be a desire to make significant changes in core aspects of day-to-day life or situation, such as in career, work-life balance, marriage, romantic relationships, large expenditures, or physical appearance.

Mood Swing Issues

Counseling focused on addressing issues related to mood swings, reducing and diminishing symptoms, while addressing the root causes of the mood swings:

Some moodiness is likely a part of everyone’s life; sometimes we feel happy, other times we are sad; some days we have lots of energy, while at other times we may be fatigued and unmotivated. When such mood changes interfere with our ability to work or go to school, when they harm our relationships significantly, when they cause us to miss sleep, abuse drugs, or behave in ways we later regret, or when they lead to risky behaviors, thoughts of suicide, or losing touch with reality, our mood requires professional attention.

Obessive-Complusive (OCD) Issues

Counseling focused on addressing issues related to Obsessive-compulsive tendencies, reducing and diminishing symptoms, while addressing the root causes of the obsessions:

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder characterized by irrational compulsive thoughts and fears (obsessions) that lead one to do repetitive behaviors designed to mitigate anxiety. If you are suffering from obsessive-compulsive disorder, you may realize that your obsessions aren't reasonable, and you may try to ignore them or stop them. Sufferers often find that this only increases their distress and anxiety.

Panic Attack Issues

Counseling focused on addressing and allaying the effects of panic attacks, and their impact on you and your relationship(s):

A panic attack is a sudden, distinct episode of intense and overwhelming anxiety that often occurs without warning or any obvious reason. The experience of a panic attack is far more powerful and extreme than the feeling of being “highly stressed”, tense, or worried. The individual may feel like sudden death is imminent and that at any moment a terrible trauma is about to happen, or that they are about to die of a heart attack.

Parent-Teen Relationship Issues

Counseling focused on Healthy vs Unhealthy methods of parenting teens, addressing root causes, and developing mutually agreeable parenting strategies:

Anyone who has a teenager is probably familiar with the term conflict. In fact, most adolescents seem to come by this state of being quite naturally. There are many important misunderstandings that occur both with the parent and with the adolescent, that, if recognized would not only reduce conflict, but strengthen the relationship, even if it seems there is hardly one there. While arguments between a parent and their teen is not of itself a bad thing, the manner in which we choose to resolve these disagreements is what ultimately determines the outcome and anxiety each encounters.

Parenting Issues

Counseling focused on Healthy vs Unhealthy methods of parenting children, addressing root causes, and developing healthy parenting strategies:

No one is born with natural parenting skills. They are something that is learned from watching our own parents or from our own care givers. We do what we have learned, or what we have not learned! It is learned behavior.

Parenting Special Needs Children

Counseling focused on Healthy vs Unhealthy methods of parenting special needs children, addressing stress, communication, and developing functional parenting strategies:

Parents of children with special needs often find that they have different strategies for dealing with the demands of parenting a special needs child, differing expectations of the child, and or different ways of dealing with their child's diagnosis. Parents of special needs children often experience a range of emotions from guilty, frustrated, sadness, depression, and helpless, to hopeless. This is where an professional counselor or therapist can be of great help and assistance to work through these emotions to parent effectively together, for both the parents' well being and the well being of the special needs child.

Peak Sport Performance

Having working knowledge of mental and sports psychology skills will help you to become more self-confident, motivated and experience peak performance, especially during "crunch time", and to avoid all the mental traps of choking, slumps, yipps and blocks.

Phobia Issues

Counseling focused on addressing and mitigating phobias and related issues:

Phobias occur when an individual experiences an intense, irrational, and persistent fear of something specific. A phobia differs from a panic attack in that there is a definable object, situation, person, or activity that the individual fears. Phobias are identified as an unreasonable and excessive desire to avoid the item that is causing the fear response. Phobias are the most common form of anxiety disorders affecting between 8% and 18% of individuals according to the National Institute of Mental Health.

Polyamory Issues

Counseling focused on addressing issues relating a polyamorous life style, reducing and lessening symptoms, while addressing their root causes:

Polyamory is the practice, desire, or acceptance of having more than one intimate relationship at a time with the knowledge and consent of everyone involved. People seeking to build long-term relationships with more than one person on mutually agreeable grounds, with sex as only one aspect of their relationships. Relationships are ideally built upon values of trust, loyalty, the negotiation of boundaries, and compassion, as well as overcoming jealousy, possessiveness, and the rejection of restrictive cultural standards. Powerful intimate bonding among three or more persons may occur. The skills and attitudes needed to manage polyamorous relationships add challenges that are not often found in the traditional "dating-and-marriage" model of long-term relationships. Polyamory may require a more fluid and flexible approach to love relationship, and yet operate on a complex system of boundaries or rules.

Pornography Issues

Counseling focused on addressing compulsive pornography use or an obsession with pornography, reducing and easing symptoms, while addressing their root causes:

The psychological impact of exposing yourself to pornography is often underestimated. Repeated exposure to such images leads to these images being imprinted in your mind. Later on, you struggle to control your own thoughts as these images and the accompanied fantasies around sex start to dominate your thinking.

Postpartum Depression Issues

The vast majority of new mothers experience at least some symptoms of the postpartum depression, including sadness, mood swings, difficulty sleeping, irritability, appetite changes, and or problems with concentration. Symptoms of postpartum depression typically show up within a few days of giving birth and last from several days to a couple of weeks.

Pregnancy & Birthing Issues

Counseling focused on addressing issues related to pregnancy and birthing, reducing and soothing symptoms, while addressing the root causes:

Having a child can be one of the most joyful experiences. It can also be stressful, strain relationships, and precipitate all manner of difficult and or confusing emotions. If there are complications during the pregnancy or birth, such as health issues or financial difficulties, these stressors can result in grief, major life changes, and a variety of other unpredictable challenges. Unplanned pregnancies can create particularly intense strain on both individuals and their relationship.

PTSD Issues

Counseling focused on addressing and reducing symptoms related to post traumatic stress, addressing the root causes of the trauma:

Some symptoms of PTSD are ongoing and recurring nightmares, flashbacks, and or emotional numbing relating to a traumatic event in your life that occurred several months or years ago.

Relationships and Dating Issues

Counseling focused on addressing issues related to dating and developing a long term relationship, reducing and mitigating symptoms, while addressing the root causes:

You watch the relationship red flags waving at you, but gosh, she’s/he's just so good-looking. So you dismiss them to see where the relationship will go. The problem with turning a blind eye to those red flags is that eventually they’ll come back to haunt you. You end up hurt and resentful, and upset with yourself.

Self Esteem & personal growth Issues

Counseling focused on addressing issues related to self esteem & personal growth Issues, reducing and easing symptoms, while addressing the root causes:

Life is full of challenges, but often we don’t move forward until change is forced upon us. Upheaval forces us to re-evaluate who we are and how we got into the situation we are in. Personal growth refers to learning new and better ways to deal with life, for example learning to understand and handle emotions more effectively, or learning to communicate better.

Self Harming Issues

Counseling focused on addressing self harming behaviors or an obsession with self harm, reducing and alleviating symptoms, while addressing their root causes:

The tendency or compulsion to hurt yourself – by cutting or burning, for example – is usually a clear sign of intense inner turmoil, anxiety, and suppressed emotions. While this behavior has long been associated with Borderline Personality Disorder, it is more and more being seen not just with BPD, but also as an element of depression, severe anxiety, and post traumatic stress. It sometimes takes a course similar to a drug or alcohol addiction, complete with secret stashes, rituals, and, of course, a cycle of anxiety, impulse, resistance, tension, release, and, often, shame…then back to anxiety, which is relieved by cutting, burning, or other acts involving physical pain.

Sex & Intimacy Issues

Counseling focused on addressing sex and intimacy related issues, reducing and mitigating symptoms, while addressing their root causes:

Part of being intimate is being sexual together. When there is a problem in the sexual relationship it can be very difficult for couples. Loss of desire can be common in both men and women. The partner who does not want to have sex may seem as if they have ‘shut down’. It may seem as if he or she never initiates sex or has lost interest in the other partner, this can lead to other difficult feelings, ranging from minor frustrations to severe distress.

Sex Addiction Issues

Counseling focused on addressing an unusually intense sex drive or an obsession with sex, reducing and mitigating symptoms, while addressing their root causes:

Sex and the thought of sex tend to dominate the sex addict's thinking, making it difficult to work or engage in healthy personal relationships. Sex addicts engage in distorted thinking, often rationalizing and justifying their behavior and blaming others for problems.

Sexual Assault issues

Counseling focused on addressing sexual assault related issues and their impact on your family and relationship, reducing and alleviating symptoms:

Sexual assault can happen to anyone, regardless of their sex, gender, race, class, age, size, appearance, or sexual orientation, what they look like. They are violent crimes used to exert power, humiliate, and control. Whether you're a man or a woman, sexual assault is a trauma. The trauma of sexual assault involves losing control of what happens to your own body and possibly fearing death or injury. Bad memories of the traumatic event can come back at any time. You may feel the same fear and horror you did when the event took place, these memories can interfere with your work and personal realtionships, when they do it's time to seek help.

Sleep Disorders Issues

Counseling focused on addressing relationship issues related to sleep disorders, reducing and relieving symptoms, while addressing their root causes:

Most of us have experienced trouble sleeping at one time or another. This is normal and usually temporary, due to stress or other outside factors. But if sleep problems are a regular occurrence and interfere with your daily life, you may be suffering from a sleep disorder. Sleep disorders cause more than just sleepiness. The lack of quality sleep can have a negative impact on your energy, emotional balance, and health.

Social Skills Issues

Counseling focused on addressing and or develping social skills:

Social skills training is teaching persons about the verbal as well as nonverbal behaviors involved in social interactions. The focus is on interpersonal skills such as making "small talk" in social settings, or the importance of good eye contact during a conversation. Addition focus, may be on learning to "read" the many subtle cues contained in social interactions, such as how to tell when someone wants to change the topic of conversation or shift to another activity.

Spirituality Issues

Counseling focused on addressing issues related spiritual needs, reducing symptoms, while addressing the root causes of the distress:

During difficult times many people find that their spiritual needs increase. Often we find strength and hope in our religious and spiritual beliefs. It is important to remember that spirituality is an ongoing issue – a part of our individual journey, not something to be addressed only in crisis. Attention to spiritual needs can contribute to an increased quality of life.

Stress Management Issues

Counseling focused on developing constructive stress management techniques and strategies:

Stress symptoms may be affecting your health, even though you might not realize it. You may think illness is to blame for that nagging headache, your frequent insomnia or your decreased productivity at work. But stress may actually be the culprit. Indeed, stress symptoms can affect your body, your thoughts and feelings, and your behavior. Being able to recognize common stress symptoms can give you a jump on managing them. Stress that's left unchecked can contribute to health problems such as high blood pressure, heart disease, obesity and diabetes.

Substance Abuse Issues

Counseling focused on addressing issues related to substance use / abuse, reducing symptoms, while addressing the root causes of the substance use / abuse:

Substance use can cause difficulty in every area of your life, work, home, school, and your relationships, leaving you feeling lonely, powerless, and remorseful. It's not always easy to see when your substance use has crossed the line from "moderate or social use" to problem abuse. But if you use substances to cope with difficulties or to avoid feeling bad, you're in potentially dangerous territory. Substance use / abuse can sneak up on you, so it's important to be aware of the warning signs and take steps if you recognize them. Understanding the problem is the first step to overcoming it.

Suicidal Ideation

Suicidal thoughts, also known as suicidal ideation are thoughts about how to kill oneself, which can range from a detailed plan to a fleeting consideration and does not include the final act of killing oneself. The majority of people who experience suicidal ideation do not carry it through. These are serious issues that demand immediate professional intervention. If a situation is life threatening, call 911 right now!

Survivors of Abuse Issues

Counseling focused on addressing issues related to being a survivor of abuse, reducing and attenuating symptoms, while addressing their root causes:

Living through a period of physical, sexual, or severe emotional abuse can leave psychic wounds. Whether the abuse was inflicted as a child or an adult, survivors often struggle to cope and lead happy, peaceful lives. Intense, often negative feelings are common, and survivors of abuse should understand that having difficulty coping with upsetting memories, blocks to intimacy, anxiety, and other remnants of abuse is fairly typical, and can be worked through.

Trangender Issues

Counseling focused on addressing issues related to being transgendered, reducing and mitigating symptoms, while addressing the root causes of those symptoms:

Transgender individuals might be at higher risk of depression and anxiety. In addition, youth who identify themselves as transgender might have a higher risk of depression and attempted suicide. Contributing factors could include social alienation, discrimination, rejection by loved ones, abuse and violence. The problem might be more severe for transgender individuals who try to hide their sexual orientation and those who lack social support.

Trauma Issues

Counseling focused on addressing and alleviating the after effects of a trauma or a tramautic experience(s):

If you've gone through a traumatic experience, you may be struggling with strong, emotions, troubling memories, or a sense of constant danger. You may feel nothing, disconnected from those around you, and unable to trust. When traumatic things happen, it can take time to get past the painful memories and feel safe again.

Trust Issues

Counseling focused on addressing and diminishing symptoms related to trust, and addressing the root causes for the trust issues:

Trust is a fundamental human experience, at the root of all trust issues is a past betrayal. Whether abused as a child or cheated on by a spouse, the betrayed person will go through life seeing her/himself as less desirable than others, or believing her/himself to be unlovable. She will keep others at a distance, avoiding intimate relationships. Only by working through these trust issues - or, rather, lack of trust issues - can the person learn to maintain a healthy boundary while still letting others in.

Weight Loss Issues

Counseling focused on addressing and relieving the root causes in the struggle to maintain a healthy weight:

While both men and women can struggle with weight issues, women often find it harder than men to shed excess pounds. In part, that's because women's bodies have a tendency to "hold on" to a certain amount of fat. But in some cases the problem can be traced directly to certain habits and lifestyle traps - including many that can easily be remedied.

Women's Issues

Counseling focused on issues relating to femininity:

Women’s Issues covers a wide-range of topics in the field of psychotherapy. Historically, women have been labeled as “hysterical” or improper when they are perceived as too emotional or too assertive. While times may have changed, women still struggle with the social and cultural forces that have historically defined them. Women also have some different health care needs than do men. Additionally women tend to approach relationships and developmental tasks differently, and often struggle with self-esteem, body image and sexuality concerns.